In recent years there have been significant advances within IVF technology and success rates for those undergoing IVF treatment have greatly improved. No wonder then that increasing numbers of couples and individuals with fertility problems are turning to IVF to help them start a family.
However, with so many innovations taking place, it can be confusing for people to keep track of the most accurate information available and to fully understand all the options open to them.
Here fertility specialist, Dr. Walker from the fertility clinic, Institut Marquès de-bunks some of the most common myths for those currently considering undergoing IVF treatment.
Institut Marquès is a centre of international reference in Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Assisted Reproduction; with offices in Barcelona, Milan, London and Ireland (Dublin and Clane). The centre has helped people from more than 50 countries to achieve their dream of having a baby. Institut Marquès offers the highest rates of pregnancy success, with 89% patient success per IVF with egg donation cycle.
IVF can be carried out using donated eggs and/or sperm
Dr Walker says: “Unfortunately, not everyone is able to conceive naturally, or use their own sperm/eggs. There can be many possible reasons for this, for example the woman could have PCOS , endometriosis, or a low ovarian reserve; a man could have a low sperm count. For other patients, their infertility could simply be age-related.
So, in some situations sperm, eggs or even embryos from a donor can be used as part of your fertility treatment. Donor conception is becoming increasingly common and thousands of babies are born annually through this method.”
You need to lose weight before IVF
Dr Walker says: “Weight can affect the success rates of IVF – if you are too light, or too heavy, your success rates can reduce. We encourage our patients to eat a balanced diet and partake in regular exercise, to ensure that they are both physically and mentally healthy. However, there is no scientific research to prove that any specific foods can improve IVF success rates.”
Frozen eggs are just as effective as fresh eggs
Dr Walker says: “A common myth surrounding IVF treatment is that freezing your eggs will make them weaker and less effective. However, this is inaccurate as patients who use frozen eggs have the same chances of success as those who use fresh eggs. The most important factor to keep in mind is the age of the patient when they choose to undergo egg freezing. We generally recommend that women freeze their eggs before they reach the age of 35, if they would like the maximum chances of success with IVF using their own eggs later in life.”
You can start trying for a baby later in life with IVF
Dr Walker says: “Couples and individuals who wish to undergo IVF treatment should be aware that there is a direct link between age and the success of IVF treatment. Typically, women over the age of 35 experience much lower success rates, if using their own eggs. This is because egg quality and ovarian reserve begin to decline around this age.
However, this does not apply if an older patient uses eggs from a younger donor. Women up to around 50 years of age can conceive a child if they use donated eggs, and with donated eggs have equal chances of success to women under the age of 35 with their own eggs. It is important to note though that the older the mother, the greater the strain that the pregnancy puts on the body. There are also various lifestyle factors to consider if you decide to become a mum at an older age.
You’ll probably have twins
Dr Walker says: “Statistics show that multiple pregnancies are much more common for those undergoing IVF treatment than for those having a natural pregnancy. Only three per cent of natural pregnancies result in the birth of twins. With IVF it can be up to 33 per cent.
A multiple pregnancy may be desirable for many couples, but it does pose risks for both the mother and the new-born babies both during and after pregnancy. Because of this, the Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority (HFEA) has now advised fertility clinics to decrease the rate of twin pregnancies by focusing on single embryo transfer (SET), rather than double.
Although SET was initially met with skepticism from some patients who thought they would be reducing their chances of falling pregnant by just transferring one embryo, IVF techniques have now advanced to such a level that studies have shown there is little difference in success rates between the transfer of one or two embryos.”
You need to be calm and relaxed
Dr Walker says: “Assisted reproduction treatments, such as IVF, can often cause stress and anxiety for patients – particularly during the time of embryo development. At Institut Marquès we have created a pioneering new mobile application which can help future parents cope with the stress of IVF treatment. Embryomobile allows patients to observe the evolution of their embryos from the comfort of their own home by means of the Embryoscope, a high-tech incubator with an incorporated video camera that films embryo development. We interviewed 400 patients after they used Embryomobile and found that 91% felt that it helped them to feel calmer during the IVF process.”